The 5G Conspiracy Theory
Claim: 300 Ghz is too powerful and harmful
The claim that 5G using 300 Ghzis far too high and because radio wave weapons exist in a similar band, it must be harmful
What does this mean? What does 300 Ghz mean? What specifically? I've talked to a few people who think that because the number is 300, that means it's way too high. I ask them what the issue is and they never have an answer. So let's examine what this 300 Ghz means and why these arguments are so poor.
What is Hertz?
Radio waves operate in a specific band of frequencies. Frequencies are measured in Hertz. Hertz simply put means the number of cycles per second of that wave. The longer the wave, the less Hertz, the shorter the wave, the higher the Hertz.
This applies to how many times the crest (top) and trough (bottom) of the wave pass every second. If 100 full waves pass every second, as in 100 wave crests and 100 wave troughs, that's a frequency of 100 Hertz.
This is important to know going forward. On a tangent when talking about sound frequency, for example, you know that as the frequency gets lower, the sound gets lower in pitch, and as it gets higher it gets higher in pitch. Now, the pitch doesn't affect volume, does it? The same sound can be blasted so loud that it shatters windows, or so quiet that it's as quiet as a whisper.
I think this is where the confusion is coming from. In sound terms, I think the alternative-thinkers are conflating the sound pitch with the sound volume. That makes a big difference.
Frequency in terms of radio waves
Let's put this into perspective. The 300 Ghz figure used by alternative-thinkers as proof that 5G is this brain-frying death signal. Let's take a look at the bigger picture. If we're talking about radio waves then yes, 5G is pretty high. But radio waves don't exist on their own on the electromagnetic spectrum.
The electromagnetic spectrum is made up of:
Each exists in a specific frequency band. Microwaves start at 300 GHz. Does this mean it's going to mimic a commercial microwave and fry everybody? But what about the military radiowave weapons? Remember the example above? Sound pitch vs volume. Pitch does not mean volume, volume does not mean pitch.
Let's see how the Hz scale works first.
1 000 Hz = 1 Khz (Kilohertz)
1 000 000 Hz = 1 000 Khz = 1 Mhz (Megahertz)
1 000 000 000 Hz = 1 000 000 000 Khz = 1 000 Mhz 1 Ghz (gigahertz)
1 000 000 000 000 hz = 1 000 000 000 Khz = 1 000 000 Mhz = 1 000 Ghz = 1Thz (Terahertz)
So what's the frequency of visible light? The astronomy website the above graph came from can help us out with that.
5G - 300 Ghz. Ok, so what about infrared for example?
Infrared is 3 x10 to the power of 13 Hz. That's 10x10 -> 13 times. Visible light = 30 000 000 000 000 Hz. That's 30 Thz! That's 100x greater than 5G's maximum frequency. Why is this relevant? We emit infrared radiation. Every warm thing does. That's how heat-seeking technologies work. Our body heat is infrared radiation. Check out this NASA page.
What about visible light? That thing that lights up our houses at night. The warm glow of a soft lamp, the street lights that light the path, or the emissions of the sun that brighten the day. What about that?
The frequency of visible light is related to colour. Red is a lower frequency than blue. That's the reason we see the sky as blue. The atmosphere scatters the blue light everywhere and the low energy red light passes through quite happily.
Blue light clocks in at 7.5 x10 to the power of 14 Hz. That's 750 000 000 000 000 Hz. That's 750 Thz. That's 2500x higher frequency than 5G's tiny 300 Ghz limit. So let's review for a second. If 300 Ghz is bad and dangerous, then why is our own infrared radiation, and the light emitted by lightbulbs not exponentially worse?
Again, this is another misconception. It describes the distance between the cycles. As you move up the electromagnetic spectrum the waves are higher energy which means shorter distances between the waves. Using the example above again, our own infrared light uses 10 000 nm waves. What's nm? That's a nanometer. 100 nanometers is 0.0001 millimetre. Is that scarier? Blue light's waves are 10 000x smaller than 5G's smallest waves. Is that scary? Of course not. You know your own body heat and the blue light from a torch aren't going to harm you. Nanometers are so small, when you use this measurement you're getting into the size of things like RNA and chromosomes.
Alternative-thinkers dwell on concepts they don't understand because it's easier than learning about them properly. The person I talked to about this would not move from the "300 Ghz military weapons" point. It's not an argument and means nothing. The conclusion comes first, and then the pieces have to fit the puzzle. The fatal flaw is that if the puzzle is wrong, you're incorrect.
If you're interested in how this measurement system works, go here to find out more.
The following is from a physics tutorial page from physics classroom.
"The amplitude of a wave refers to the maximum amount of displacement of a particle on the medium from its rest position. In a sense, the amplitude is the distance from rest to crest. Similarly, the amplitude can be measured from the rest position to the trough position."
This is the crux of where the alternative-thinker's misunderstanding comes from. They think that frequency = amplitude and it isn't. Amplitude would mean volume in terms of sound which is why I drew the parallel earlier. The International Commission of Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection has said in their 2020 guidelines, that in their new rewiew of 5G, their 2009 guidelines still apply. So what does that say?
From their guidelines, they have stated that the general public shouldn't be exposed to 10-300 GHz at a power density of 10 W m-2.
What does this mean?
Power density is Watt per square meter. So our 5G frequency band can't exceed more than 10 Watts per square meter.
Ofcom are a regulatory body in the UK. They've tested 5G's current deployment in 2020 against these ICNIRP guidelines.
They tested multiple locations across the UK. The higher band of 5G which although doesn't include 300 Ghz now, is within the ICNIRP range for high frequency, returned the largest result from Birmingham. Want to know the percentage of the maximum value for general public exposure it came back with? 0.0386 %.
The all radio wave band reading was highest in Canary Warf. Want to know that percentage value? 1.4960%.
So where is the danger exactly? I do not see it one bit.
I say this is very misleading instead of false as we aren't at peak 5G deployment yet, and it's still being monitored so you never know what might come up. For now with the evidence we have, this claim holds absolutely no water. 300 Ghz gets thrown around like a buzz word without having any idea of what it actually means.
If 300 Ghz and mm waves are harmful, then our own body heat and every photon of light we see must be apocalyptic. Light can be magnified with glass to cause fires, that doesn't make light a weapon. It comes from a total misunderstanding of how electromagnetic radiation works. It comes from conflating amplitude with frequency. Frequency isn't good or bad. When you get into ionizing radiation it does become harmful to be around, but frequency before you get into ultraviolet light is meaningless without amplitude. Even then, we can withstand a safe amount of ultra violet light before we run the risk of things like skin cancer. We can go to the doctor's or dentist's and get an x-ray without collapsing to the floor. Hell, we even have natural exposure to gamma rays.
300 GHz and millimeter waves sound scary until you put it into context of very safe THz and nanometer waves. If you leave out amplitude and just repeat frequencies, then it can sound scary. In reality, it's not.